Инфинитив и герундий

Инфинитив и герундий

Герундий (Gerund) — одна из имеющихся в английском языке неличных форм глагола. Герундий иногда еще называют отглагольным существительным, поскольку имеет с существительными много общего. В английском языке герундий образуется посредством добавления к глаголу суффикса –ing.

Инфинитив (Infinitive) – другая безличная форма глагола в английском языке. Стандартная форма английского инфинитива образуется при помощи базовой формы глагола, которой предшествует частица to. В ряде случаев глагол употребляется без частицы to. После некоторых глаголов используется только инфинитив, после других – только герундий, а после некоторых можно употребить и то и другое. Кроме того, есть глаголы, которые будут иметь разный смысл в зависимости от того, употреблён ли после глагола герундий или инфинитив.

TO-INFINITIVE

GERUNDS

BARE-INFINITIVE

1) Когда говорим о цели (чтобы)

She goes there to keep fit.

2) После прилагательных:

I was happy to walk in the rain!

3) После too и enough

It’s too late to phone her.

He is old enough to watch this film.

4) После глаголов, выражающих предпочтение в ЧАСТНОЙ ситуации.

Would like/ love/ prefer/

Be loath to (не  быть склонным)

Want

I would like to have a cup of coffee.

5) После конструкции used to

He used to drive careless.

6) После конструкции to be going to

7) После модальных и близких к ним по значению, требующих за собой «to»

Have to, Ought to, Manage to, Be to, To be allowed to

8) После безличных конструкций

It’s difficult to translate from Italian

9) it+be+adjective+of+noun/pronoun

It was generous of himto offer 1000$.

10) so+adjective+as

Would you be so kind as to help me move the sofa?

11) only (неудовлетворительный результат)

She came in only to find Tom had left.

12) be+first/second/next/best

He was the last to come to work

13) for + noun/pronoun

For him to be so rude was unforgivable.

14) после конструкции сущ+глагол в Passive+infinitive

The President is reported to have visited Mexico.

Wild animals are claimed to have the sixth sense.

15) Послег лаголов:

Refuse, advise, promise, decide, agree, seem, offer,  afford, learn, expect, happen, intend, choose, invite, ask, allow, hope, order, appear, arrange, attempt, hesitate, fail, prepare, pretend, swearetc

СМОТРИ ПОЛНЫЙ СПИСОК>>

1) После глаголов с глагольными операторами

Thank for, be fond of, be good at, be keen on, be interested in, to be disappointed at, to be surprised at, to be responsible for, to prevent from, to consist in, to persist in, to result in, to spend in, to succeed in, to be engaged in, to accuse off, to approve of, to suspect of, to hear of, to think of, to object to.

2) После существительных с послелогами

Astonishment at, plan for, reason for art of, fear of, habit of, way of и др.

3) После конструкций to be used to, to get used to.

I am used to driving at a low speed.

I am getting used to eating healthy food.

4) После глаголов, в которых герундий – часть составного глагольного сказуемого:

To finish, to give up, to keep, to keep on, to go on, to put off, to postpone, to delay, to need, to require, to avoid, to risk, to understand, to appreciate, to suggest, to admit, to consider, to miss, to imagine, to escape, to face, to involve, to practice, to feel.

5) после глаголов to mention, to remember, to mind герундий употребляется в качестве прямого дополнения

6) После фраз: it’s no use, it’s no good, it’s (not) worth, it’s useless, there’s no point in, can’t stand (невыношу, нетерплю), can’t help (немогуудержатьсяот), I’m busy, in addition to, as well as, have a hard/difficult time.

He had difficulty finding his way back.

7) После глаголов, выражающих ОБЩЕЕ предпочтение

Love, like, enjoy, prefer, dislike, don’t mind, don’t fancy, loath (ненавидеть) , adore, hate

НО! Like +to-inf = It’s a good idea

I like to wash my hair every day.

8) После конструкции feel like

I feel like having tea ( яхочу)

9) В конструкции look forward to

I am looking forward to meeting you!

10) После hear , listen, notice, see, watch, которые выражают незаконченное действие.

I saw Kim doing his homework. Я видел как Ким делал свою домашнюю работу.

*сравни  с bare inf №4

1) После модальных глаголов

Can, must, should, may

I must go.

You can come in.

2) После глаголов let и make (исключение – пассивный залог)

Let me help you.

Не makes me do all housework.

3) После фраз

You’d better (had) – вам лучше

I’d rather (would) - я скорее.

I’d rather go away.

Youbetter take aspirin.

4) hear, listen, see, watch + bare inf – которые выражают законченное действие (вы видели все действие от начала и до конца)

I saw Kim do his work. It took him an hour. Я видел, как Ким сделал свою работу. Это заняло час.

-

Скачать

ГЕРУНДИЙ И ИНФИНИТИВ

файл MS Word для грамматической папки
Скачать

Оставить комментарий

Убедитесь, что вы вводите (*) необходимую информацию, где нужно
HTML-коды запрещены

422 комментарии

  • AbuHappyboup написал AbuHappyboup Суббота, 22 Апрель 2017 16:30

    [url=http://best-store-us.com/#viagra-for-girl]viagra for men[/url] pharmacy technician salary in va [url=http://safe-store-us.com/#viagra-discounts]all natural erectile dysfunction remedies[/url] side effects of viagra and alcohol [url=http://usa-best-store.com/#erectile-dysfunction-devices]gnc products for erectile dysfunction[/url] generic sildenafil 100mg [url=http://us-best-store.com/#what-are-the-effects-of-cialis]sildenafil tablets online[/url] viagra without headache

    Оставить комментарий
  • Alysa написал Alysa Суббота, 22 Апрель 2017 15:41

    Undeniably imagine thawt that you stated.
    Your favourite reason aplpeared to be on the internet tthe simplest factor to be mindful of.
    I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while people think about
    worroes that they just doo not recognise about. You controlled to hit the nail uupon the highest as neatly as outlined out the entiree thing without having side effect , folks can take a signal.
    Will probably be back tto get more. Thank you

    Оставить комментарий
  • read here написал read here Суббота, 22 Апрель 2017 13:43

    Creating a novel platform for skilled ‘mind
    sports', Amit Burman, proclaims the launch of an thrilling
    new league - Poker Sports activities League. On-line Poker in India, PokerBaazi
    a enterprise of Baazi Networks Personal Limited is a web based
    portal aimed toward providing a consumer pleasant surroundings of ability gaming.
    On the other hand, stand alone poker rooms normally appeal to more critical gamers as
    a result of they are there to solely play poker. So far
    as enjoying in India is worried, we've a central law on taking part in typically referred to as Public
    Playing Act of 1867. India will quickly have its very own Poker tournament
    - the Poker Sports League (PSL). Earlier than we start our overview of
    the approved background to actual cash poker within India, I'll just make a mention of some helpful poker pages proper here on winmoney101.


    The site solely operates in India and the entire buy-ins and rake are
    famous in Indian rupees and no different foreign money.

    The Match that had its inaugural event in May 2012 has gone sturdy and regular to revamp the poker scene
    in India. Vishaal: It was way again in 2004, when poker first started to change into a craze in Australia;
    we were one in all Australia's largest poker product importers and I kinda
    felt I better start learning this sport since we had been selling this vary.
    Ever because the court docket resolution, there has been a sudden proliferation of Indian poker web sites.
    When even the Bitcoin exchanges of India are below regulatory scanner, individual on-line poker websites experiment
    with Bitcoins is basically risky.

    With an increasing number of poker gamers participating in the game they get an opportunity to
    hone their skills as well as popularise the sport on the same time.

    ITech Labs Certification - has been licensed by iTech Labs for
    fair game play, which is a worldwide standard in gaming software program reliability.
    The most secure bet to run and manage a authorized on-line poker website
    in India is to draft the terms and conditions and different paperwork very carefully holding
    in mind the laws of varied States. I typically feel though there is a misconception that poker is directly linked to playing.


    There may be an exemption for video games of ability, however the Indian authorities is
    still deciding whether or not online poker video games fall into that
    class. Whereas there are many on-line poker web sites, the vital thing to creating sure that
    you've got an pleasant and possibly worthwhile on-line
    poker experience is deciding on an outstanding online poker site
    that readily accept Indian players and make it straightforward to deposit.
    The Intermediary Guidelines (Rules) 2011, published beneath this Act
    regulates playing practices by intermediaries, which incorporates telecom service suppliers, network service providers, internet
    service providers, net-hosting service suppliers, search engines like google, on-line cost websites, online-public sale websites, online-market locations and cyber cafes.


    India Poker Championship sounds very tempting and I
    wish to have some more information of when the championship begins,
    any explicit criteria for participation, and so on. Nagaland and Sikkim are thus far the one states in India which has enacted a statute pertaining to online gaming i.e.
    Sikkim On-line Gaming (Regulation) Act, 2008 (Sikkim Gaming Act).
    Whereas land-primarily based poker games in India are restricted to on line casino ships, these online poker rooms
    are outdoors the jurisdiction of the government, so
    players in India are secure utilizing them. But whereas western players can join and play for actual money at these on-line
    poker rooms with none restrictions, it's not so
    clear reduce for players in India.

    Is an Indian on-line gaming website that goals at providing worldwide level
    expertise to on-line gaming lovers in India. Thus, even in an India-Zimbabwe match, there's
    a truthful chance that some Indian batsmen might get out for no-fault of
    theirs; however general it is the better workforce that wins.
    Whereas the language used right here is not exactly clear
    and concise, it does counsel that anything the place you can danger money to win money is perhaps thought of gambling.
    Moreover all playing web sites are hosted in nations the place playing is legal, making it further tough
    for Indian sleuths to take any legal or remedial motion towards them.



    While you choose a poker room it's worth taking note of the different types of promotions they run - it all adds up to extra advantages for the poker
    player. Of course, he does lose cash as well, but the initial
    wins make for a heady rush. For the reason that ruling regarding rummy
    gives a model new perspective from the courts, the online poker trade is significantly optimistic that the
    courtroom docket will rule that on-line poker is a recreation of
    potential, and could be carried out for actual
    cash. Basically, so long as you're diligently paying taxes
    on your company's earnings, deducting TDS on player winnings
    as per Government norms and providing a clean, licensed,
    indigenous (Indian firm only) know-how, providing video games
    of skill like online rummy and on-line poker in India are pretty much okay.


    It has been estimated that as many as 500,000 folks in India
    play on-line poker for actual cash. Cyber due diligence
    for Paypal and on-line cost transferors in India should also be ensured.
    Despite the drawbacks of the game that you've to keep in mind should you play it commonly, poker
    finally boils down to a test of ability and nerves. Ltd
    was given the primary on-line poker license and the corporate
    which runs the net poker website will broaden its choices in Nagaland.

    While there are a lot of excellent online poker sites that supply real money opportunities for players in India,
    the legality of such continues to be somewhat blurred.


    At the moment, to run stay playing tables (games with live dealers and gamers) in India, a on line casino still needs to be
    offshore. My work this time round becomes a contact easier because the leading poker web site in the world
    has opened store in good ole Bharat. When you're enjoying at considered
    one of our really helpful online poker rooms that accepts Indian players, you can anticipate to get prime-notch customer
    support. Most poker rooms in India are still small,
    containing eight tables on the most. And he is been at it for 11 years; the first
    Indian to compete within the top one per cent at the World Series of Poker in Las Vegas, where last year he cashed out at USD 96,
    445.

    The variety of on-line poker websites in India is now better than ever with numerous new card game websites developing every year.
    Day 2 was the weekend kickoff i.e. the 10k Friday Evening
    match A total of 106 players participated in this match.
    We've had 5 profitable editions of the India Poker Championship through the year.

    The massive variety of on-line poker video games might be enjoyed probably the most by playing at our leading edge software program.
    BENGALURU: Rahul, an analyst with a global gaming firm, spends
    up to eight hours every single day enjoying poker on-line, typically making as much
    as Rs 10,000 inside 15 minutes.

    Sangeeth ‘Samoh' Mohan, a well known poker pro from Kerala has been signed on as the first
    member of the Spartan Professional Group. The one responsibility of the Poker Nation citizen at Texas Holdem
    or different on-line poker game is to leverage restricted hand
    rankings and play on the opponent's psyche.Simply put,
    your best bet at on-line poker is at Poker Nation. Getting the fitting combo of
    hole playing cards and board cards is vital to Omaha poker video games.

    The software of the poker room needs to
    be straightforward to navigate so the supply of games across a wide range of stakes are simple to
    entry by clicking on the different game tabs and utilizing customized
    filters within the lobby. http://parkproject.org/groups/from-goa-to-macau-monitoring-indias-poker-princes-626489223/

    Оставить комментарий
  • MVolkova написал MVolkova Суббота, 22 Апрель 2017 06:48

    Нужны деньги, а работы нет? Тогда [url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sdQqn-zWPhU]работа вебкам моделью парню[/url] - это работа для умных, не скованных и своеобразных людей. Зарабатывая через интернет Вы гарантируете себе: свободный график, финансовую независимость, отсутствие ограничений в возможном доходе (если Вам повезет, Вы будете зарабатывать миллионы), гарантированные выплаты. На сегодняшний день это одна из самых доходных нишь для работы девушек и парней удаленно. Работай на себя, а не на студию - прочти инструкции на нашем сайте и вступай в мир вебкам.

    Оставить комментарий
  • AnthonyTeere написал AnthonyTeere Суббота, 22 Апрель 2017 06:02

    deleted message[url=http://reac39.ru].[/url]
    [url=http://reac39.ru/%D0%B4%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%B3%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%84%D0%B8%D1%8F/]Дисграфия[/url]
    [url=http://reac39.ru/%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B4%D0%B0%D1%86%D0%B8%D0%B8-%D0%BF%D0%BE-%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B1%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%B5-%D1%81-%D0%B4%D0%B5%D1%82%D1%8C%D0%BC%D0%B8-%D1%81-%D0%B4%D0%B5%D1%82%D1%81/]РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ ПО РАБОТЕ С ДЕТЬМИ С ДЕТСКИМ АУТИЗМОМ[/url]

    [url=http://reac39.ru/%d0%b8%d0%b4%d0%b5%d1%82-%d0%b7%d0%b0%d0%bf%d0%b8%d1%81%d1%8c-%d0%bd%d0%b0-%d0%b7%d0%b0%d0%bd%d1%8f%d1%82%d0%b8%d1%8f-%d0%bf%d0%be-%d0%b0%d1%80%d1%82-%d1%82%d0%b5%d1%80%d0%b0%d0%bf%d0%b8%d0%b8-%d0%b4/]арт-терапия для детей[/url]
    [url=http://reac39.ru/%d0%b7%d0%b0%d0%b4%d0%b5%d1%80%d0%b6%d0%ba%d0%b0-%d1%80%d0%b5%d1%87%d0%b5%d0%b2%d0%be%d0%b3%d0%be-%d0%b8-%d0%bf%d1%81%d0%b8%d1%85%d0%b8%d1%87%d0%b5%d1%81%d0%ba%d0%be%d0%b3%d0%be-%d1%80%d0%b0%d0%b7/]Задержка речевого и психического развития[/url]

    Оставить комментарий
  • SlMoskow написал SlMoskow Пятница, 21 Апрель 2017 21:10

    19 http://prostitutki.es/public/profileImage/full_2825.2.jpg
    - красивые фото дешевых индивидуалок Москвы.

    Оставить комментарий
  • Online Poker написал Online Poker Пятница, 21 Апрель 2017 19:39

    India too is seeing its justifiable share of development within the sport
    of Poker with folks taking it up each online and offline.
    Obtain Shahi India poker for Android mobile by
    torrent - among the finest apk video games.
    Welcome to Adda52 LIVE, Rs one hundred bonus has been credited to your account to play online poker
    at Adda52. Online Poker, Texas Holdem or another are difficult
    however not troublesome believes Poker Nation. A superb begin for internet and on-line playing in New Jersey has already been reported.
    Research by economists and statisticians indicate that enjoying poker skilfully requires various knowledge
    like recreation idea, likelihood, statistics and danger management.

    We urge you to additionally avoid all the cash poker websites" that are mushrooming across the land.

    So far as Indian poker gamers go, I feel Indians have an excellent aptitude for poker, and seen this even back in Sydney. They say poker is a chance, however not so way back, they said that about entrepreneurship too. This evening too noticed a document-breaking area of ninety four players, the first time ever that there is been over ninety players in a purchase-in of this magnitude. Learn our Authorized Phrases to know the Legality of enjoying poker games in India at Pokabunga. Speaking concerning the potential of the league, Mr. Amit Burman, Founder, Poker Sports activities League said, Poker is a popular thoughts sport across the globe and has gained large traction inside India, amongst individuals seeking to problem their thoughts, grit and decision making talents.

    Poker Web site: This is gamers interface for registration, deposits, game play and withdrawals. Com and Pranav Bagai, founding father of India Poker Legend, a tournament sequence, to create Poker Sports League (PSL). The poker room organizes GAPL 4 times a yr in affiliation with other associate like adda52. This failed regardless of India being basically essentially the most sought out nation for on-line playing. Now even more so, I really feel the robust sense of selling the game with duty. Since 1988, CardPlayer has offered poker players with poker strategy, poker news, and poker results. If John Doe has not taken enough precautions, the conflict of laws in cyberspace might land him in big authorized bother.

    Poker bonus and promotions are one of the engaging parts which carry more gamers to register on the website. Additionally the second match i.e. the IPC 10k Friday Night Event is the basic Freezeout which actually starts off the weekend so many players were expected to fly in after work that evening. This way many newbies who want to participate in tournaments and poker leagues can fulfil their dream to play in a championship and see what's in retailer for them. There are hardly one or two online card video games suppliers which are complying with these techno legal requirements. In this vein, India's favourite online poker website, Khelo365 is officially India's first authorized on-line poker site.

    Two years later, the Calcutta High Courtroom requested the police to chorus from harassing clubs offering poker to its patrons because poker will not be labeled as gambling within the state. Nonetheless, there is no mention of online gaming in it. Additionally take into account the truth that laws pertaining to playing are by and large a state enterprise, where the States have the official authority to make laws with respect to it. He prefers enjoying on on-line websites, he says, as in comparison with regular house games. Poker lovers breathed a sigh of relief ever since on-line poker came into existence.

    But if you sit at a poker desk, it doesn't matter if your opponent is a robust politician, rich businessperson, famous film star or a VIP. The judge ruled that wagers involving money are unlawful and that although the video games proposed to be provided could require skill, banks and monetary establishments might refuse servicing web sites that will offer such games. This diploma of intellect and skill won't be required in roulette, lottery or other slot games and everyone (skilled or not) would stand an equal probability of profitable. Having fun with poker on PokerBaazi is legally permissible in India and we adjust to Indian authorized guidelines like Indian Penal Code, 1860, Code of Felony Process, 1973, Indian Knowledge Know-how Act, 2000, the Public Taking part in Act, 1867, khelo365 poker india Foreign Exchange Administration Act (FEMA) 1999, and plenty of others.

    In its first season, the Poker Sports activities League will consist of 12 groups, seven of which have already been bought and the remaining 5 shall be made obtainable on the market shortly. Cell and on-line gaming trade of India will also be fast maturing and as per diversified enterprise experiences it's going to develop further throughout the coming years. With such a large accessible pool of gamers, establishing a poker web site that caters to Indian gamers was a no brainer for Mirch Entertainment, the owners of Thrill Poker. From Texas Holdem to Sit n Go, poker video games are open for each PokerNation citizen. Collusion basically represents purposeful improper play, the place a person performs the game in firm of two or extra players to take out or weaken other players at the table.

    To add extra to this on-line poker collaborating in pleasure we have got online poker tournaments that are listed on the primary web web page with required particulars. The net poker web sites in India enable fans to play poker for real money in ring video games, tournaments and contests. In response to , the Indian state of Nagaland has approved a bit of laws dubbed the Nagaland Prohibition of Playing and Promotion and Regulation of Online Games of Ability." The method of drafting the foundations and regulations is anticipated to
    take a number of months, the report said. Gambling web
    sites argue that the games performed on their platform involve skilled
    players, who use technique and tactics to win the game.


    Is the world's oldest and most well respected poker journal and online poker guide.
    When you put your poker expertise to test on our actual cash tables and on our poker tournaments you earn frequent participant points (FPPs).

    Poker and India do not necessarily go hand in hand in many individuals's
    minds, nonetheless any nation with 1.2 billion residents is an enormous revenue-making opportunity for almost anything, if situations are correct.
    The websites we recommend have a protracted history of offering a quality service, making prompt funds
    and providing a quality experience to gamers. Me and my friends
    started taking part in poker when we had been in our third sem of
    college.

    Poker is a fairly easy game that you simply only must do a minimal to succeed -
    studying the skills, cultivating the flexibility to be stoic,
    and being level-headed on a regular basis. Money transaction is environment friendly and quick to ensure taintless safety in your bank card banking or checking account.
    So in contrast to most newcomers, you began playing for real cash right off the bat…?!
    Based on the Supreme Courtroom of India, whereas video games of likelihood
    are unlawful, video games that are based mostly upon a preponderance of talent usually are not The landmark decision right here concerned betting
    on rummy video games, although it is assumed that poker can be a
    game of talent as properly beneath the same standards.

    Poker and India might not have picked up initially effectively because of plenty of contradictions in addition to
    legal issues being cash involved in it and thus making it
    fall beneath gambling act. On line casino fanatics get entry
    to over 40 tables for gaming and betting in around 30,000 sq.
    ft of play area. All the cardboard video games
    supplied at are fully authorized to play in India and
    guarantee 24 hour leisure. Our website is without doubt one of the most famed
    Indian Poker websites which offer you a chance to Play Poker On-line with actual cash.
    Poker could be very popular in India and his recognition continues
    to grow so as the current variety of gamers at Thrill Poker website. http://m.pfamaqa.sms.morris.com/indias-poker-startups-business-price-hundred-and-twenty-million-slowly-changing-revenue

    Оставить комментарий
  • BultByday написал BultByday Пятница, 21 Апрель 2017 19:13

    http://kartridzhej-zapravka.ru/perezapravlyaemie-kartridji-na-printer-epson.html

    Оставить комментарий
  • Patdqf написал Patdqf Пятница, 21 Апрель 2017 16:42

    Табамекс — бросьте курить за 1 курс

    http://s020.radikal.ru/i713/1703/1b/df9eeac7b2d9.png
    - Убирает тягу к сигаретам
    - Избавляет от психологической зависимости
    - Подавляет желание покурить при алкогольном опьянении
    - Препятствует набору веса
    - Очищает организм от табачных токсинов
    - Устраняет физическую зависимость

    http://s019.radikal.ru/i634/1703/80/511fb7c108bc.png
    ВЫДАВАЙ МИКРОЗАЙМЫ С ГАРАНТИРОВАННОЙ ДОХОДНОСТЬЮ ОТ 192% ДО 265% ГОДОВЫХ И ЗАБУДЬ О ФИНАНСОВЫХ ПРОБЛЕМАХ
    Video https://youtu.be/mpoFU6gusO0

    -lu-

    Оставить комментарий
  • AnthonyTeere написал AnthonyTeere Пятница, 21 Апрель 2017 12:10

    deleted message.
    Дисграфия
    РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ ПО РАБОТЕ С ДЕТЬМИ С ДЕТСКИМ АУТИЗМОМ

    арт-терапия для детей
    Задержка речевого и психического развития

    Оставить комментарий

Связаться с О. А.

Присоединяйтесь!

Разработано совместно с jtemplate шаблоны Joomla