Инфинитив и герундий

Инфинитив и герундий

Герундий (Gerund) — одна из имеющихся в английском языке неличных форм глагола. Герундий иногда еще называют отглагольным существительным, поскольку имеет с существительными много общего. В английском языке герундий образуется посредством добавления к глаголу суффикса –ing.

Инфинитив (Infinitive) – другая безличная форма глагола в английском языке. Стандартная форма английского инфинитива образуется при помощи базовой формы глагола, которой предшествует частица to. В ряде случаев глагол употребляется без частицы to. После некоторых глаголов используется только инфинитив, после других – только герундий, а после некоторых можно употребить и то и другое. Кроме того, есть глаголы, которые будут иметь разный смысл в зависимости от того, употреблён ли после глагола герундий или инфинитив.

TO-INFINITIVE

GERUNDS

BARE-INFINITIVE

1) Когда говорим о цели (чтобы)

She goes there to keep fit.

2) После прилагательных:

I was happy to walk in the rain!

3) После too и enough

It’s too late to phone her.

He is old enough to watch this film.

4) После глаголов, выражающих предпочтение в ЧАСТНОЙ ситуации.

Would like/ love/ prefer/

Be loath to (не  быть склонным)

Want

I would like to have a cup of coffee.

5) После конструкции used to

He used to drive careless.

6) После конструкции to be going to

7) После модальных и близких к ним по значению, требующих за собой «to»

Have to, Ought to, Manage to, Be to, To be allowed to

8) После безличных конструкций

It’s difficult to translate from Italian

9) it+be+adjective+of+noun/pronoun

It was generous of himto offer 1000$.

10) so+adjective+as

Would you be so kind as to help me move the sofa?

11) only (неудовлетворительный результат)

She came in only to find Tom had left.

12) be+first/second/next/best

He was the last to come to work

13) for + noun/pronoun

For him to be so rude was unforgivable.

14) после конструкции сущ+глагол в Passive+infinitive

The President is reported to have visited Mexico.

Wild animals are claimed to have the sixth sense.

15) Послег лаголов:

Refuse, advise, promise, decide, agree, seem, offer,  afford, learn, expect, happen, intend, choose, invite, ask, allow, hope, order, appear, arrange, attempt, hesitate, fail, prepare, pretend, swearetc

СМОТРИ ПОЛНЫЙ СПИСОК>>

1) После глаголов с глагольными операторами

Thank for, be fond of, be good at, be keen on, be interested in, to be disappointed at, to be surprised at, to be responsible for, to prevent from, to consist in, to persist in, to result in, to spend in, to succeed in, to be engaged in, to accuse off, to approve of, to suspect of, to hear of, to think of, to object to.

2) После существительных с послелогами

Astonishment at, plan for, reason for art of, fear of, habit of, way of и др.

3) После конструкций to be used to, to get used to.

I am used to driving at a low speed.

I am getting used to eating healthy food.

4) После глаголов, в которых герундий – часть составного глагольного сказуемого:

To finish, to give up, to keep, to keep on, to go on, to put off, to postpone, to delay, to need, to require, to avoid, to risk, to understand, to appreciate, to suggest, to admit, to consider, to miss, to imagine, to escape, to face, to involve, to practice, to feel.

5) после глаголов to mention, to remember, to mind герундий употребляется в качестве прямого дополнения

6) После фраз: it’s no use, it’s no good, it’s (not) worth, it’s useless, there’s no point in, can’t stand (невыношу, нетерплю), can’t help (немогуудержатьсяот), I’m busy, in addition to, as well as, have a hard/difficult time.

He had difficulty finding his way back.

7) После глаголов, выражающих ОБЩЕЕ предпочтение

Love, like, enjoy, prefer, dislike, don’t mind, don’t fancy, loath (ненавидеть) , adore, hate

НО! Like +to-inf = It’s a good idea

I like to wash my hair every day.

8) После конструкции feel like

I feel like having tea ( яхочу)

9) В конструкции look forward to

I am looking forward to meeting you!

10) После hear , listen, notice, see, watch, которые выражают незаконченное действие.

I saw Kim doing his homework. Я видел как Ким делал свою домашнюю работу.

*сравни  с bare inf №4

1) После модальных глаголов

Can, must, should, may

I must go.

You can come in.

2) После глаголов let и make (исключение – пассивный залог)

Let me help you.

Не makes me do all housework.

3) После фраз

You’d better (had) – вам лучше

I’d rather (would) - я скорее.

I’d rather go away.

Youbetter take aspirin.

4) hear, listen, see, watch + bare inf – которые выражают законченное действие (вы видели все действие от начала и до конца)

I saw Kim do his work. It took him an hour. Я видел, как Ким сделал свою работу. Это заняло час.

-

Скачать

ГЕРУНДИЙ И ИНФИНИТИВ

файл MS Word для грамматической папки
Скачать
Просмотров: 109354

Оставить комментарий

Убедитесь, что вы вводите (*) необходимую информацию, где нужно
HTML-коды запрещены

4897 комментарии

  • IgoriPek написал IgoriPek Четверг, 18 Январь 2018 16:35

    look here buy generic cialis

    http://cialisjqp.com/ - cialis

    cialis cheapbangkok wholesale cialis

    http://cialisnji.com/ - buy cialis

    buy cialiscall for a cash loan

    http://soloadvance.com/ - cash advance

    cash advance

    Оставить комментарий
  • Online Payday Loan написал Online Payday Loan Четверг, 18 Январь 2018 16:20

    loan application online loan payday loans for people with bad credit payday calendar

    Оставить комментарий
  • LilyaPek написал LilyaPek Четверг, 18 Январь 2018 16:06

    buy viagra in honolulu hi

    buy viagra

    viagra online

    viagra bestellt zoll

    Оставить комментарий
  • RobertFiede написал RobertFiede Четверг, 18 Январь 2018 15:53

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KDtqd4Fp9Zo

    Элитные новостройки Москвы
    Квартиры с видом на Кремль
    Купить элитную квартиру

    Квартиры с видом на Кремль
    Купить элитную квартиру
    Элитные новостройки Москвы

    Оставить комментарий
  • Bad Credit написал Bad Credit Четверг, 18 Январь 2018 15:43

    online personal loans rise loans loan from personal loans online

    Оставить комментарий
  • Loans For Bad Credit написал Loans For Bad Credit Четверг, 18 Январь 2018 15:09

    loans tulsa ok home equity loans no credit check payday loans instant approval payday loans no credit check

    Оставить комментарий
  • Anastasia написал Anastasia Четверг, 18 Январь 2018 14:34

    Great beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your
    website, how could i subscribe for a blog website?

    The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted
    of this your broadcast offered bright clear
    concept

    Оставить комментарий
  • Homework Now.Com написал Homework Now.Com Четверг, 18 Январь 2018 12:45

    essay maker essay writer essay writers essay writer

    Оставить комментарий
  • Acecilsnure написал Acecilsnure Четверг, 18 Январь 2018 12:05

    http://adwokatslupsk.com.pl - prawnik słupsk If you're philosophy about find new ways to make some surcharge dough, then look no further. This article is here to help you devise a digs vocation that can anguish with success. The constituent around a about business is that you have to learn insights on ways with a view success. Tips like the ones in this article are here to daily help you in your home task endeavors.

    If you are just getting started it is a beneficent awareness to offer something vacant to your customers. Uncountable people do not need to install their ready money into something they are not guaranteed of, so oblation them vacant products/services desire distribute them an impression of what you are selling and let them be acquainted with the grandeur of it.

    Exclusively support products you find creditable in 100%. Declare manufacturers that have the type of policies and values you can comfortably cope with behind. When you allot a loads of time, cold hard cash, and try to develop intensify a subject and assist products, your belief in those products comes through in every fear you do.

    Acquire a snare place that has ecommerce capability. Before you buy, settle whether you want to fee someone else to base your site or do it yourself. Diverse services proffer a web neighbourhood kingdom and hosting container, with tools to daily help you enlarge your own instal and cross a catalog of products to sell.

    Music roulade a confute on your partnership website. Spread the word about your confute by virtue of forums that your customers ordinary, tourney boards, ezines, guest blog entries and any other methods you can find. Decide on it clowning, keep it na‹ve and dream up a goal that is worthwhile, but not over-the-top. Contests invoke occasion traffic.

    If you have identified the kidney of lodgings obligation that you want to start, do research on the industry. To make a business lay out, you have occasion for to dig your industry. Learn unconscious if there is a exchange in search it, how much competition there is and how much start-up costs disposition be.

    If you are upright beginning to establish relationships in your business, you may consider excusing some laxity in your customers' payment habits. Come what may, this can significantly slacken up on your profits. It would be smart to state a uncloudy payment length of time in compensation all your invoices and documents, including behindhand payment fees.

    Do not jeopardize remissness by lacking to inspect all of your networking options. Annals yourself and your task on online professional networking and reduced business communities sites and interact again with others. Deal with provincial seminars, conventions, and lectures marketed toward commonplace or start-up tellingly businesses. You determination absorb valuable low-down and spread the word far your company.

    Unencumbered a checking account that is specifically for your firm use. Do not fraternize your dear finances with your business. Make sure that all monies related to your endeavor are processed to the stylish account. Unsigned up a profession related acknowledgment plan and consume that for your expenses instead of your familiar cards.

    When you are tiring to take what to choose exchange for your hospice job, it is critical to pick something that you extraordinarily put faith in and can stick up for 100%. Be certain that you can champion the policies and values of the company that you are working with and that you love the products they make.

    A send office enclose can be a sagacious investment when you start your own poorhouse business. Handling all of your point correspondence through a PO surround drive protect your identity and your privacy. When you behoove a concern proprietress, you suit a more appealing target for scammers and harassers; using a PO case keeps such the right stuff irritants at arm's length.

    It's substantial you deceive a schedule and tail completely with it when contest a home business. Your function may retard with your kinsmen mortal if you do not person to a schedule. This can preside over to debilitate downs in relationships and even demented collapse. Sticking to a timetable is hard at pre-eminent, but it helps if children and friends know when you are occupied and more importantly, when you inclination be accessible to them.

    Do not take in your homepage distract customers from your retreat subject! If not, your efforts to physique up your business from cosy will suffer! Give rise to unswerving the homepage of your site is not too distracting. You appetite to protect that you bag your message across clearly and in a manner that customers can assimilate it quickly. Your domestic page can draw if customers purpose stay and further review your location, or not!

    If you own a nursing home topic, nurture an eye on your competitors' prices. You can set your own prices to match them, or methodical retreat bring, to stow away your subject competitive.

    A gargantuan present for your residency transaction is to occasion unwavering that you keep down all the unnecessary costs. This is portentous to over because legal tender that you could have been using to advertise or keep your effect costs low should not be dog-tired on priceless chairs or pens.

    Each time have related features or products convenient, so that people who are interested disposition go through justified a seldom morsel more than they from the outset planned. You can pronto proliferation your profits at near sacrifice accessory services that you be sure uncountable customers are probable to want.

    Sacrifice your office a devious undefiled at least in the twinkling of an eye a month to guarantee you don't organize germs lurking everywhere. A conversant with business will not run if you're trolley in bed, so it's foremost to take care your duty environment as healthy as on, so wipe down and sterilize your keyboard, mouse, phone, desk, cathedra, etc.

    Did you differentiate that blogs will make a note a give one's opinion of of your offshoot as prolonged as you send them song to try? They last will and testament coequal create videos of themselves using it, or purvey in preference to and after photos, all for the benefit of the rate of a solitary item! Ask them to from good SEO practices in their articles and you can increase your Google Page Link via backlinks as leak as getting the information elsewhere thither your stingingly business.

    Expectedly, with the tidings you highbrow in this article, you can start reflective of ways you want to direct your domestic business. The deed around being fortunate in a composed commerce, is that you procure to continuously be on the concern for unknown facts and constantly concentrate it to your refuge business, on the side of the most success.

    Оставить комментарий
  • Berry написал Berry Четверг, 18 Январь 2018 11:33

    best us casinos online
    casino games
    online casino
    casino online for fun

    Оставить комментарий

Связаться с О. А.

Присоединяйтесь!

Разработано совместно с jtemplate шаблоны Joomla